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Potawatomi Trail of Death / Chief Menominee Statue

Potawatomi Trail of Death / Chief Menominee Statue

The Potawatomi Trail of Death was the forced removal of the Potawatomi Indians from north central Indiana to reservation lands along the western bank of the Osage River, near present-day Osawatomie, Kansas.  It marked the single largest Indian removal in Indiana history.

In the fall of 1838, 859 members of the Potawatomi nation were rounded up by General John Tipton and an armed volunteer militia at the Twin Lakes Encampment near Plymouth, Indiana.  The forced march lasted for 61 days and covered approximately 660 miles.  During the journey, more than 40 people died, most of them children, and were buried in unmarked graves.

Daniel McDonald was the owner and editor of the Plymouth newspaper and wrote a book Removal of the Potawatomie Indians from Northern Indiana in 1899. He was later elected to the Indiana state legislature and introduced a bill to erect a memorial to the Potawatomi.

Sculptor John Novelli was paid $1,875 by the State of Indiana to create the Chief Menominee statue, and in 1909, the statue of was erected and dedicated. The statue is believed to be the only statue of an Indian chief ever paid for by a state legislature.

For more information about the Potawatomi Trail of Death and the Chief Menominee statue, visit the Potawatomi Trail of Death Association.

 

 


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